Mérida, the capital of Mexico’s Yucatán State, boasts a population of nearly a million inhabitants. The city’s largest economic sector is retail trade, contributing significantly to its vibrant economy. Situated in southeast Mexico, Mérida is prone to hydro-meteorological phenomena, such as torrential rains that often result in flooding. Recognizing this vulnerability, the city actively implements municipal-level risk strategies to mitigate the impact of natural disasters.

These efforts are aimed at enhancing the coordination among various institutions involved in disaster management. By improving preparedness and response mechanisms, Mérida aims to minimize the impact of such occurrences on the city and its residents. The municipal government consistently invests in infrastructure and emergency response systems to strengthen the city’s resilience against natural disasters. These initiatives include upgrading drainage systems, implementing early warning systems, and conducting public awareness campaigns to educate residents about disaster preparedness and response.


Local risk management strategies

In Mérida, the Civil Protection Regulations establish the necessary measures for the observation and compliance with Federal and State laws in order to prevent, mitigate, respond and assist in the recovery of the population in cases of serious collective risk or disasters. 

Additionally, the municipality presents a Climate Action Plan (2018-2021), which is a strategy to reduce the GHG emissions in the city, so as to effectively make sustainability one of the fundamental axes of the municipal political action. In doing so, the participation of relevant actors, such as universities, research centers and civil associations is encouraged. Four major sectors for mitigation actions have been identified: energy, transport, forestry and solid waste.